Frequently Asked Questions

What is a bed bug?

A bed bug is a tiny insect that reaches a maximum size of 5-8mm. They belong to the insect family called Cimicidae and live off the blood of whoever is unlucky enough to share habitation with them. Unfortunately this is usually humans. They can be found in any part of the world where people live and sleep.

They were eradicated in the last century for the most part but due to overpopulation and more frequent intercontinental travel, have really started to boom in population all across the world.

A bed bug is oval shaped and flat and can be yellow/red/brown in color. While small, you can still see them with the naked eye, especially on clean white linens or a mattress.

How do you get bed bugs?

Bed bugs are one of those creatures that have simply always been around. They primarily surface in places where a lot of people tend to gather and sleep. Hotels and motels are the primary culprits and it’s easy to transfer them from these lodgings into your bags and end up with them in your home. If you’ve recently moved into a pre-infested apartment building, they were probably already there waiting for you.

If you’re a traveler, you’re probably pretty busy going to and from meetings or flying from city to city so you might not even think about bed bugs until it’s too late. We trust our hotel and motel proprietors and shouldn’t have to double check every single bed and piece of furniture we use.

Dirt and older buildings don’t indicate infestations either. There’s no correlation between a “grubby looking” establishment and bed bugs. You simply can’t tell where they might be.

What do bed bugs eat?

They eat us. Bed bugs survive by hematophogy, the act of feeding on blood, just like mosquitos and fleas. A difference is bed bugs only like human blood so even if you have a few pets as “distractions” the bed bugs will still go for you first.

How can I tell if I have bed bugs?

Usually the only way you can tell is when it’s too late to really stop them. You’ll have some unidentified itchy spots and over time you’ll get more and more. When you change your sheets, if you have good lighting, you might spot one or two little brownish bugs on your mattress.  Here’s some other common signs.

Waste – You might notice some tiny little black specks or tiny stains that shouldn’t be on  your mattress, sheets or pillows. These are bed bug droppings.

The bugs themselves – They are pretty small so you might not notice them, even if they are crawling on you. Using a flashlight can help you spot them. They mainly come out at night so if you’re concerned, take off your sheets and scour your mattress with a bright light.

Bites – These could manifest themselves as small, raised bumps or large blotches on any part of your body. Bed bugs prefer hairless areas.

How do I get rid of bed bugs?

There’s a few methods that work very well. You can use a preventative device, traps on your bed or furniture legs, sprays, mattress covers or a combination of these. It’s actually not that hard to get rid of them these days due to how many items have begun popping up on the market. Your best bet is to always keep a preventative device like Bed Defense even if you don’t have any in your home. Better safe than sorry.